Arz was conceived in 1997 by a group of Development Professionals
from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bombay, with the idea of social
work interventions in the area of crime with persons who have been victims
of commericial sexual exploitation, those who are perpetrators and those
who are vulnerable to both.
The organization is registered under the Indian Societies
Registration Act (1860), Bombay Trust Act (1950) and U/s 80(G) of the
Income Tax Act. Although the organization works primarily in Goa, it also
extends services in the form of liasing, to certain districts of Karnataka,
Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, West Bengal and Orissa which have
been identified as chief source states and neighboring countries of Nepal
and Bangladesh as chief source countries. Key functioning areas include
prevention, protection, rescue, repatriation, rehabilitation, health,
after-care, re-integration, prosecution of perpetrators, legal counselling,
economic rehabilitation, research, documentation, training and advocacy.
The organization has been appointed as the nodal NGO in
the Integrated Anti-Human Trafficking Unit which was set up by the Goa
Police for the purpose of providing witnesses, conducting rescue operations
along with police, training and counseling of rescued persons, assisting
in interviews of rescued persons, networking with other NGOs for all activities,
empowerment of rescued persons and ensuring their proper rehabilitation.
This has given the organization the authority to start working more closely
with the system. It has clearly defined the role of Arz in working towards
combating trafficking in Goa along with the criminal justice system.