Thinking of a Career in Emergency Management?
- BY Nicole Pelette
About the Program
The John D. Rockefeller 3RD Program (JDR3) Scholars Program is a research grant competition that promotes independent research and strengthens analytical skills in young professionals by giving grants to multi-disciplinary, applied research teams. The JDR3 program is designed to foster and build a cadre of experienced, qualified researchers and encourage them to conduct further policy-oriented research. The research products from this competition will contribute to evidence-based decision-making around migration policies.
This JDR3 research grant is being implemented in collaboration with the USAID Asia Counter Trafficking in Persons (CTIP) program, a five-year (2016-2021) regional program that focuses on transnational and regional challenges to combat trafficking in persons. The program, implemented by Winrock International, aims to reduce the trafficking of persons in Asia through coordinated and consolidated action by governments, civil society, and business that will foster cross-border cooperation, develop opportunities for private-sector leadership, and improve the quality of data associated with human trafficking. The total grant award for the research will be approximately USD 50,000 (the full amount remains to be confirmed). The research is anticipated to take approximately three (3) months of full-time work
Context of the Research
Legal, safe, and affordable migration policies can fill gaps in the labor markets, contributing to overall prosperity within countries. However, without appropriate protections, unchecked labor migration can increase vulnerability and increase the risk of human trafficking.
Although migrants from Bangladesh have historically been one of the largest migrant population in Malaysia, the Malaysian government suspended the official recruitment program with Bangladesh in 2019. Since this time, the government of Malaysia has been working to establish a new MOU with Bangladesh to reinstate the migration process. Employers, recruitment agencies, and migrant workers have been waiting for this MOU between Bangladesh and Malaysia to reestablish the parameters of safe and legal migration.
It is essential that this new MOU curbs migrant workers’ vulnerability to debt bondage, forced labor, and other forms of exploitation by providing means for Bangladeshi workers to legally migrate with zero or minimal costs to Malaysia. This research aims to address research questions surrounding this endeavor.
Research Selection Process
To reduce migrants’ vulnerability to trafficking and to encourage a fair recruitment process, Winrock is seeking to engage research teams who will investigate the full spectrum of costs borne by Bangladeshi workers on their journey from their origin in Bangladesh to Malaysia, and study how these costs increase vulnerability even before reaching Malaysia. This research will support policymakers by providing clarity around recruitment fees and other direct and indirect costs of recruitment and practices, how these costs cause vulnerability, and recommendations for reducing vulnerability of Bangladeshi migrants entering Malaysia for work. All research questions in this study should include a gender and social inclusion lens, examining how recruitment costs and processes may affect genders or specific groups differently. The primary scope of this research is to build an understanding around the hidden costs of recruitment incurred by Bangladeshi workers seeking employment in Malaysia. These costs can include direct costs such as transportation, accommodation, and documentation, but may also include hidden costs such as high interest loans, collateral lost, bribes, or others.
In order to address the scope of research, the following should be taken into consideration: