Thinking of a Career in Emergency Management?
- BY Nicole Pelette
The Covid 19 pandemic has posed severe challenges especially for the urban poor and migrant workers. Physical distancing has become a new normal and one must learn to live with it. Unemployment is set to rise and conditions of the poor and marginalized are bound to deteriorate further with a slowdown in the economy.
According to the latest India 2020 publication, the unorganized sector in India accounts for 97 per cent of the workforce and most of them are inter / intrastate migrants. Migrant workers, who are anchors of a slum population, have started returning to their native places due to fear, anxiety and hunger. Most of them were daily wagers and did not maintain cash liquidity for this kind of uncertain situation. The country-wide lockdown since 24 March that became necessary to contain the spread of the COVID 19 pandemic seems to be erupting into an unprecedented humanitarian crisis due to reverse migration this massive population group. States like Uttar Pradesh which are the native places of most migrants may witness a sudden flood of people, creating an unusual burden on the economic and social infrastructure.
Relief measures such as GOI’s Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) of Rs 34,800 crore provided relief to around 39 crore poor people by early May. But such measures seem to have bypassed migrants on account of their highly informal existence in urban areas, including the absence of suitable identity devices such as ration cards or bank accounts in their work locations. The state governments are distributing dry rations and running programmes such as community kitchens. But clearly, these have inadequate outreach given the scale of the problem. Unpaid wages, lack of clear prospects on the resumption of income-earning activities, shortages of food rations etc. seem to have created a high level of despondency in urban slums.
Such a scenario calls for adopting innovative measures and collaboration among public institutions for combating the new challenges while adapting ways to cope
To address the above challenges, UNDP has identified the following strategic approaches:
Establishing Urban Poor Support Centres
It is clear, that given the scale of the problem, deep initiatives by the local population will be required to ensure access for the urban poor to suitable support measures. Critical to such local initiatives will be empathy, social connectedness/social capital and psychosocial support.
UNDP proposes a design for urban poor support built on the social framework of empathy, social connectedness/social capital and psychosocial support, with UNICEF, Department of Urban Local Bodies and Lucknow Municipal Corporation. The Urban poor support center will be closely connected with the District Administration/Municipal corporations to leverage support from governmental programmes for food, health and social security as well as logistics.
Reviving the Community Development Societies (CDS) structure
UNDP proposes to revive/strengthen the women Self Help Groups (SHG) and Area Level Federation (ALF) promoted under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihood Mission (DAY-NULM) in the selected slum areas. The SHG and ALF institutional structure supports the livelihood concerns of urban poor by facilitating access to suitable spaces, institutional credit, and social security
The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have pointed out that social protection will play a critical role in curtailing this situation. The State Governments have enacted proactive measures in the same light but there are human resource constraints along with the limited reaching capacity to remote areas. For the immediate support for better preparedness for COVID 19, the partnership with the CSOs shall focus on the uptake of social protection schemes and programmes (BOCW, MGNREGA, PM schemes for Financial Inclusion and Health Insurance), strengthening awareness and building capacities of PRIs and frontline workers in the rural ecosystem.
UNDP along with UNICEF intents to address some of the challenges outlined above including the proposed ways of focused targeting, coordination and communication to urban poor’s living in slums of Lucknow. The two UN agencies will be working based on their existing programme of work in the State in collaboration with the State Urban Development Agency. Efforts to coordinate with other agencies like DUDA, Dept. of Medical and Family Welfare, Dept. of Social Welfare, Women and Children as well as civil society organizations will be facilitated. In this UNDP is proposing to hire a consultant to coordinate the implementation of the project, provide technical support to the implementation agency and Directorate of Urban Local Bodies.
The Consultant will support the UNDP and other stakeholders in the implementation of the project work plan, by providing technical, management and coordination support to project activities. He/she will be working closely with the technical support agency and government departments to support and monitor the above outlined strategic approaches and programme implementation
Duties and Responsibilities
Scope of Work:
The scope of work to be carried out by the Consultant is as follows:
Deliverables and Schedule of Payment:
The assignment will be home as well as field-based or may be based at the office of the ULB Department. It might include travel to districts in Uttar Pradesh if required as well as to the UNDP Country Office in New Delhi to meet with project team members.
Job Knowledge/Technical Expertise
Required Skills and Experience
The award of the contract shall be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as Responsive to the requirement. Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 49 points (70% of the total technical points) would be considered for the Financial Evaluation;
Technical Criteria (70% of the total evaluation)